Cybersecurity protocols help prevent data breaches and ensure your company’s sensitive information is protected. The best way to prevent a data breach is by practicing good cybersecurity habits. This means taking a proactive approach instead of simply trying to clean up data breach messes after the fact. A proactive approach provides better protection instead of waiting until after you’ve been hacked to take actions like removing malware or restoring data from backups.
Firewalls are programs and hardware that help to capture malicious incoming and outgoing data. They act as a wall to protect the other programs behind it. Often hackers need to break down a firewall first before they can access any of the data they are really after. If your firewall is weak, it won’t take many attempts before your system is breached and data is either damaged or stolen. People who work from home are often in more danger of getting breached because home networks are not secure. When hackers gain access to home networks, they can often see every device on the network to install malicious code or steal information.
Often companies use the third-party security risk management playbook to determine which kinds of cybersecurity protocols they need to implement. As you may know, user management is a key component of cybersecurity. User management is all about how employees access information on the network. It helps to prevent data breaches by providing security access controls that enable you to manage your employees’ access to sensitive or confidential information. User management also helps you maintain an accurate record of who has access to which data and for what purpose, as well as ensuring that personnel is only able to view or modify the information they are authorized to do so.
Key components of good user management include giving each authorized employee their own user access code, assigning roles and access to databases based on people’s roles in the company, and making sure each staff member understands how to use the data for their assigned role.
Encryption is the process of converting data into a form that cannot be understood by anyone who does not have special knowledge, usually referred to as a key. The encrypted data can only be decrypted using the key. Encryption is one of the most fundamental and crucial security practices in use today. It is used primarily to keep information private when it’s stored on servers or transmitted over networks. The term end-to-end encryption means that data at each endpoint and while it’s being transferred is protected by encryption technology. This works well for information, especially in the finance sector.
Multi-factor authentication is a security method that requires two or more different elements to verify your identity. For example, you can use multi-factor authentication when logging in to your online bank account by entering a password and receiving a unique code via text message.
Identity and Access Management (IAM)
Related to user management, identity and access management is the process of managing user accounts. This includes identifying users, managing their passwords and usernames, then granting them access to resources, and then immediately revoking that access when it’s no longer needed.
IAM helps mitigate risks by ensuring that people don’t accidentally delete files that they’re not supposed to or accidentally share sensitive information with unapproved users.
The best cybersecurity protocols that prevent data breaches include an adequate risk assessment. These can find vulnerabilities within your systems that are putting your company and its data at risk. This involves identifying threats that are most likely to occur, as well as vulnerable areas of your network. The next step is prioritizing these risks based on their likelihood and severity. The more likely it is to happen and the more severe the effects, the more important it is to put security measures in place. Once you’ve done this assessment, you’ll have a better idea about how much time and money needs to be spent on cybersecurity for each area of your organization.
There are many ways that cybersecurity protocols prevent data breaches. Having these protocols in place can impact your business in positive ways by protecting you from costly data damage, loss, or theft.